Jesus in the Old Testament

Jesus in the Old Testament

Do you think that Jesus Christ wasn’t present throughout Old Testament times… that He only came on the scene in New Testament times? Read the following… and know otherwise!

GENESIS
-Seed crushes serpent (3:15)
-Innocent blood covers sin (3:21)
-King & Priest Melchizadek (14:18-20)
-Covenant requires blood sacrifice (8:20; 15:10)
-A substitute sacrifice (22:13)
-Christ’s Kingdom to come (49:10)

EXODUS
-Moses as deliverer (Chapter 3)
-Aaron as High Priest (28:1)
-Making intercession (30:1)
-Passover – Lamb of God (12:1-22)
-Bread of Life (16:35; 25:30)
-Light of the World (25:31-40)

LEVITICUS
-The sacrifice (Chapter 1-7)
-The High Priest (Chapter 8-10)

NUMBERS
-Nazirite vow (6:1-8)
-Passover celebration (9:1-14)
-Unblemished sacrifice (19:1-10)
-The Rock (20:7-10)
-Israel’s King (24:17)
-The six cities of refuge (35:6-15)

DEUTERONOMY
-Moses’ prophecies about Christ (18:15)

JOSHUA
-Scarlet cord (2:18, 21)
-Ark of the Lord (3:6)
-“Commander of the Army of the Lord” (5:13-15)
-Fulfilled promise (23:14)

JUDGES
-Judge (Psalm 75:7)
-Savior (Isaiah 45:21)

RUTH
-Boaz as the Kinsman Redeemer (Chapter 4)

1 SAMUEL
-Samuel as the prophet (3:20)
-David, God’s King (16:1)
-David, God’s shepherd (16:11)

2 SAMUEL
-His eternal Kingdom (7:13)
-Son of God (7:14)

1 KINGS
-Greater prophet than Elijah (Matthew 17:1-5)
-Greater king than Solomon (Matthew 12:42)

2 KINGS
-Superior Priest (Hebrews 7:22-28)
-Greater King (Matthew 12:42)
-Final King (Revelation 19:16)

1 CHRONICLES
-Rest from the plagues of death (Chapter 21)

2 CHRONICLES
-Temple (3:1)

EZRA
-Ezra does the will of God (7:10)
-Ezra as the priest (7:11)
-Ezra’s spiritual reform (Chapter 10)

NEHEMIAH
-Nehemiah’s courage (2:18)
-Nehemiah as a prayer warrior (2:1-10; 6:9-14)
-Nehemiah’s dedication (8:9, 10)

ESTHER
-Esther’s submission and dependence (2:20; 5:4)
-Esther’s intercession (4:16)
-Esther’s sacrifice (4:16)

JOB
-No direct references to Christ. However, Job demonstrates a type of Christ in his suffering, persecution and restoration.

PSALMS
-God’s Son will rule the nations (2:7-8)
-Messiah comes from David’s lineage (110:1)
-Christ’s zeal (69:9)
-Christ’s suffering (69:9)
-Christ’s parables (78:2)
-Christ’s rejection (118:22)
-Christ’s priesthood (110:4)
-Christ’s betrayal (41:9)
-Christ’s crucifixion (22:1-18)
-Christ’s resurrection (16:9-11)
-Christ’s kingdom (8:6)

PROVERBS
-No direct references to Christ. However, the qualities of a life well-lived – obedience to God, right behavior, patience and wisdom – illustrate Christ.

ECCLESIASTES
-Christ’s view of materialism (2:1-11, 18-26; 4:4-6; 5:8-14)
-Christ’s view of obedience (11:7-12:14)

SONG OF SONGS
-Christ, the husband of the church (Revelation 21:2)

ISAIAH

-Emmanuel (7:14)
-Davidic ruler (9:6, 7)
-Branch of Jesse (11:1-5)
-Precious Cornerstone (28:16)
-Shepherd (40:11)
-Lamb of God (53:7)
-Servant of God (42:1-4; 49:1-7; 50:4-9; 52:13-53:12)
-Redeemer (59:20)

JEREMIAH

-Wept for the people (13:17)
-Suffered injustice (Chapter 37, 38 … Jesus refers to passages (Matthew 21:13); 5:21; (Mark 8:18); 6:16; (Matthew 11:29); 50:6; (Matthew 10:6))

LAMENTATIONS
-Our hope (3:21, 24, 29)
-Christ reveals the mercy of God (3:22, 23, 32)
-Our Redeemer and Judge (3:58, 59)

EZEKIEL
-Ezekiel as the son of man (2:3)
-The Messiah prophesied (17:22-23 (Isaiah 11:1); Romans 15:12)
-Priestly character of the Messiah (45:22)
-Christ as the Divine Shepherd (34:11-16; John 10:11-16)

DANIEL
-Fourth man in the oven (3:25)
-Son of Man returns (7:13)
-Vision of Christ (10:5, 6)

HOSEA
-Christ includes all in His family (1:6, 9; 1 Peter 2:10)
-Christ as husband, church as bride (2:19, 20; Ephesians 5:25-32)
-Christ taken out of Egypt (11:1; Matthew 2:15)
-Christ breaks the power of death (13:14; 1 Corinthians 15:55)
-Praise to Christ brings forgiveness (14:2; Hebrews 13:15)
-Hosea buys back his bride (3:1-3)

JOEL
-Christ our Savior (2:32)

AMOS
-No direct references to Christ. However, the book is quoted in the New Testament.

OBADIAH
-Final Day of the Lord (v. 15; Isaiah 11:6-9)
-Jesus as Savior (v. 21)
-One Lord of the Kingdom (v. 21)

JONAH
-God’s love for the whole world (4:10, 11; John 3:16)

MICAH
-Christ foretold (1:3-5)
-Christ the Word of God (2:2)
-Christ as King and Lord (2:12, 13; Luke 4:18)
-Christ born in Bethlehem (5:2)
-Christ as shepherd (5:4)
-Christ’s dominion (5:4)
-Prince of Peace (5:5)

NAHUM
-Christ our peace (1:15)
-Lioness replaced by Lion of Judah (2:11, 12; Revelation 5:5)

HABAKKUK
-Came in the fullness of time (2:3; Galatians 4:4)
-Foundation of Christ’s message (2:4; Romans 1:16, 17)
-Salvation through God’s Anointed (3:13)

ZEPHANIAH
-The just hidden with Christ (2:3; Colossians 3:2, 3)
-Rejoicing over the saved (3:16, 17; Luke 15:7)

HAGGAI
-Christ, the desire of all nations (2:7)
-Christ indwells human temples (2:7; 1 Corinthians 6:19, 20)
-Christ, the Prince of Peace (2:9)
-Zerubbabel a song of the servant (2:23; Matthew 1:12)

ZECHARIAH
-The Lord’s Servant, the Branch (3:8)
-Both King and Priest (6:11-13)
-The Man – the Branch (6:12)
-The Meek King (9:9; Matthew 21:5)
-The True Shepherd (11:4-11)
-Sold for 30 pieces of silver (11:12, 13; Matthew 26:15)
-The Pierced Savior (2:10; John 19:37)
-The Suffering Savior (13:7; Matthew 26:31)
-Christ’s second coming (14:4)

MALACHI
-Messenger of the new covenant (3:1)
-Christ’s judgment (3:2)
-Son of Righteousness in victory (4:2, 3)

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